How Braces and Invisalign Helps Straighten Your Teeth


Crooked teeth are a common dental cosmetic and functional issue, but the benefits of having properly aligned teeth go far beyond that to having a beautiful, confident smile. Dental health experts claimed that straight teeth are healthy teeth. Straightening your teeth improve your oral health, as well as your overall health.

The Problem with Crooked Teeth

Many people think that crooked teeth only affects the appearance. Just like eye and hair colour, genetics plays a significant role in the straightness of the teeth. Other factors include premature loss of baby teeth, poor childhood habits (e.g. thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, and too much use of a pacifier), and severe facial injury.

No matter the cause, misaligned teeth have numerous adverse health effects that might surprise you.

  • Gum Disease – Misaligned teeth can increase a person’s risk of developing periodontal or gum disease. When the gums are not securely fit around the teeth, it leaves more harmful oral bacteria to thrive and cause gum infection.
  • Difficulty Cleaning the Teeth – It makes brushing and flossing the nooks and crannies of crooked teeth difficult, allowing bacteria to grow uncontrollably in your mouth that cause tooth decay, bad breath and gum problems.
  • Enamel Erosion – When one or more teeth protrude, they rub against each other’s surface, causing undue wear of tooth erosion.
  • Tooth Injuries – Protruded upper teeth are more likely to chip or crack during an accident.
  • Chewing Difficulty – It can be difficult to chew properly if upper and lower teeth are misaligned.
  • Low Self-Esteem and Confidence – Healthy, straight teeth can make you smile more often, which helps reduce stress and improves cognitive ability. Having crooked teeth does otherwise.

Many people may not realize that the effects of crooked teeth go beyond oral health. Several studies claimed that buildup of bacteria in your mouth could result in serious health problems, including heart disease, pneumonia, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, and stroke.

Effective Solutions To Crooked Teeth

After reading how crooked teeth can affect your oral and general health, you may be convinced to have your teeth straightened by our reliable orthodontist in Edmonton. There are two popular solutions to straighten crooked teeth:

  • Braces

Traditional dental braces help correct crooked or crowded teeth, as well as misaligned jaw (also known as malocclusion). Braces have different parts that work together to slowly straighten the teeth. It includes:

Brackets – Tiny ceramic or metal links glued onto each tooth

Arch Wire – A long, thin piece of metallic wire that connects the brackets to pull the teeth in towards one another. This helps promote correct alignment.

Bonding Material – A safe, mouth-friendly adhesive that connects every tooth to each bracket.

Ligature Elastic – Also known as an “O-ring,” this popular brace part comes in various colours that you can choose. Designed to connect the arch wire and the bracket, the orthodontist needs to tighten and switch out the O-Ring to help straighten the teeth.

Spacers – The “spacebar” button for your teeth that positioned in between each tooth, allowing the bands to fit comfortably through.

Braces straighten your teeth by continuously applying pressure on the teeth. The pressure put by the arch wire on your teeth, together with the other parts holding them in place will eventually move the teeth into the correct position. In worse cases, the orthodontist will recommend rubber bands to increase the amount of pressure on your teeth.

To truly understand how braces help straighten and align your teeth, it is important to understand how it works. With all the dental brace parts placed on your teeth, you are only seeing the top of your teeth and are not able to see how it truly works.

The gum tissues or gingiva acts as a cushion to your teeth. Found underneath the gums is the periodontal membrane, which covers and protects the lower half of the teeth. By putting pressure on the periodontal membrane, it causes the membrane to stretch out, enabling the teeth to move. This causes the bars and band to push from the other side to create adequate space to safely shift the teeth.

Braces do not simply shift teeth safely into the correct position, but they also help remodel the bone to straighten the teeth. The pressure applied to your teeth helps them become stronger. Also, new types of cells develop to provide better bone density. The arch wire is behind much of the remodelling process taking place in your mouth.

The length of the treatment and success rate of braces depends on the person’s age and its treatment goals. Following the orthodontist’s instructions properly can also aid in quick results.

Invisalign is a modern, wireless solution to crooked teeth.


  • Invisalign

Another effective option to straighten your teeth is Invisalign. Unlike braces, Invisalign does not significantly alter the appearance of your mouth. It is a series of clear, custom-fitted aligners that are slipped over the teeth. They gradually shift your teeth into the correct alignment over a period of 12 to 24 months, depending on the condition and current alignment of your teeth.

Its design helps move teeth vertically and horizontally. In some cases, rotation is necessary to ensure the straightness of the teeth. The aligners are custom-made to provide the right level of pressure at the optimal position for maximum impact. These thermoplastic materials consist of proprietary multilayer SmartTrack explicitly designed to straighten teeth.

The orthodontist will recommend X-rays and photos of your teeth as well as a scan to create 3D models. The impressions of your teeth guide the orthodontist in personalizing the Invisalign for you. You will be given a set of instructions on how to properly wear the dental device every day. Throughout the teeth straightening process, you will receive new Invisalign every few weeks to continue moving your teeth into the correct position.

Unlike braces, where different parts work together to straighten the teeth, Invisalign only has a sequential series of aligners that create minor adjustments to achieve the desired position of teeth. The thermoplastic design then enables the aligners to shift your teeth into the right alignment gradually. Invisalign aligners can be removed anytime for eating, brushing, and flossing. As your teeth start to move, your dental health professional will replace the custom-made aligners with a new one that will take your teeth to the next incremental step.

Having healthy, straight teeth does alter your dental and overall health for the better. No matter which teeth-straightening solution you prefer, knowing how it works and what to expect can help you make a more informed and sound decision.

If you are looking for premium quality and budget-friendly financing options for dental braces or Invisalign, we have them at Legacy Orthodontics. Book an appointment or visit us at our orthodontics clinic in Edmonton for a comprehensive 60-minute in-depth consultation that is free of charge.

Call us now at (780) 643-7474.

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